بررسی رابطه چندگانه رفتار شهروندی سازمانی با رضایت از زندگی کارکنان دانشگاه اصفهان

نویسندگان

1 برنامه درسی دانشگاه اصفهان

2 گروه روان‌شناسی دانشگاه اصفهان

3 گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه اصفهان

4 دانشگاه اصفهان

چکیده

      سمیرا مرادزاده، دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت آموزشی دانشگاه اصفهان *   علی سیادت، دانشیار گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه اصفهان   محمدرضا عابدی ، دانشیار گروه روان‏شناسی دانشگاه اصفهان   ستاره موسوی ، دانشجوی دکتری برنامه‏درسی دانشگاه اصفهان     چکیده   هدف اصلی این تحقیق، بررسی رابطه چندگانه رفتار شهروندی سازمانی با رضایت از زندگی کارکنان دانشگاه اصفهان بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش را کلیه کارکنان رسمی‌و پیمانی دانشگاه اصفهان در سال 1389-1390 تشکیل می‏دهد. روش تحقیق توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بود که از بین جامعه آماری 99 نفر به شیوه نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‏ای متناسب با حجم به عنوان نمونه (46 زن و 53 مرد) انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش شامل دو پرسشنامه­ استاندارد رفتار شهروندی سازمانی از پودساکف و مکنزی و پرسشنامه رضایت زندگی از دینر بود که با استفاده از روش وابسته به محتوا روایی آن بررسی و با استفاده از آلفای کرونباخ ضریب پایایی این دو پرسشنامه به ترتیب 85/. و 79/. برآورد گردید. برای تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات نیز از آمار توصیفی (جداول فراوانی، درصد، میانگین و انحراف معیار) و آمار استنباطی (آزمون­های ضریب همبستگی و آزمون t ، تحلیل واریانس و رگرسیون) استفاده شده است. یافته­های پژوهش نشان داد که بین رفتار شهروندی سازمانی با رضایت از زندگی کارکنان رابطه معناداری وجود دارد. بین مؤلفه‌های رفتار شهروندی سازمانی با رضایت از زندگی کارکنان رابطه معنادار است، ولی بین ویژگی‌های دموگرافیک با رضایت از زندگی و رفتار شهروندی سازمانی تفاوت وجود دارد. در واقع، ابعاد چندگانه شهروندی سازمانی می‏توانست رضایت از زندگی کارکنان را پیش‏بینی نماید.   

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Study of the Multiple Relationships between Organizational Citizenship and Life Satisfaction of Employees at the University of Isfahan

نویسندگان [English]

  • Setareh Mousavi 1
  • Mohammad Reza Abedi 2
  • Seied Ali Siadat 3
  • Samira Moradzade 4
2 Department of Psychology, University of Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Educational Sciences, University of Isfahan, Iran
4 University of Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction
Today, organizations are thought as organisms with independent identities different from those of their members. It is believed that they can affect the behavior of employees with their identity. Organizational citizenship has become an important component of every organization. Organizations have taken a serious responsibility to provide citizens with an opportunity for getting involved in the democratic values of society. Life satisfaction is the manifestation of changes in psychology, from dealing with psychopathological damages to optimizing quality of life. Happiness, a subset of the positive psychology, is considered to be a positive characteristic and one of human’s psychological needs. Organizational citizenship behavior, in a variety of organizational settings, intends to promote life satisfaction among employees .The present study is conducted to investigate the multiple relationships that are supposed to exist between organizational citizenship and life satisfaction of employees at the University of Isfahan. This article gives a summary of previous studies in which the relationship between organizational citizenship and life satisfaction of employees are investigated. By reviewing these studies we can see that organizational citizenship is effective in life satisfaction. They provide us with an evidence that it is possible to develop life satisfaction through improving organizational citizenship.


Material & Methods
Statistical population consists of all tenure employees who were employed in the academic year 2009-2010. The research method is one of descriptive-correlative. The statistical sample includes 99 employees (46 women & 53 men) who were selected by random cluster sampling method. Research instruments consist of two questionnaires (Poodsakoffs's organizational citizenship behavior questionnaire and Diener's life satisfaction questionnaire). The instruments' reliability was calculated through Alpha cronbach coefficient (0/85 and 0.79, respectively). The collected data was analyzed through descriptive (frequency, percentage, average) and inferential (regression analysis, t-test, ANOVA) statistics.

Discussion of Results & Conclusions
The results of the study show that there is a significant relationship between organizational citizenship and life satisfaction among research subjects. In fact, the multiple dimensions of organizational citizenship (conscientiousness, sportsmanship, sacrifice, and humanism) can predict the life satisfaction of employees. However, there is not a significant difference with regard to demographic characteristics and research variables
In general, some researchers have argued that the overall ratings of employees' performance correspond to an employee’s overall value to an organization. This argument suggests that the weight that managers attach, when forming evaluations, to dimensions of organizational citizenship (conscientiousness, sportsmanship, sacrifice, and humanism) corresponds to the impact that these behaviors have on life satisfaction.
Organizations should constantly pay attention to organizational citizenship and its multiple dimensions. Higher levels of organizational citizenship will result in better life satisfaction of employees and rates of social disorders begin to reduce. In fact, organizational citizenship is one of the main components of any successful organization. As a component of any basic health system in an effective organization, organizational citizenship paves the way for life-long learning among employees and enhance employees' life satisfaction.
We suggest that managers apply effective approaches in organizational citizenship in order to mobilize employees according to organizational goals. It is necessary that they consider improvising organizational citizenship and take personal and organizational factors together. Considering the importance of organizational citizenship in increasing employees' life satisfaction, it is recommended that managers take this issue seriously and move towards a high level of efficiency and effectiveness.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Organizational Citizenship
  • life satisfaction
  • University