عنوان مقاله [English]
According to the second demographic transition theory, the contemporary societies are facing an increasing range of emerging forms of family, which is the central focus of the present analysis. It presents research-based evidence to explore patterns and determinants associated with attitudes toward emerging form of family identified by childlessness, one-child family, single-parent family, and cohabitation. This analysis is based on a survey conducted in rural and urban areas of Ahvaz, Babolsar, Bojnord, Esfarayen, Gonbad Kavos, Kamyaran, Khoramabad, Mahmoudabad, Hamadan, and Saghez. The survey includes 4267 males and females aged 15 years old and over.
According to the results of this analysis, the following general patterns can be highlighted. First, childlessness is substantially unacceptable as only 2 percent of people hold positive attitude toward this emerging form of family. Second, about one-tenth of people are positive towards one-child family. Third, a relatively greater proportion of people hold positive attitudes towards both single-parent family and cohabitation since around 20 per cent of people are positive towards each of these two emerging forms of family. Moreover, these general patterns are significantly affected by three groups of determinants. It includes determinants related to gender attitudes, religiosity, and basic demographic determinants such as age, place of residence, marital status, and education. In conclusion, the results of this analysis can be mainly summerized and explained by the traditiaonalism-modenization model suggesting that the positive attitudes towards emerging forms of family are substantially associated with modern and liberal beliefs: the stronger the latter, the higher the former.