نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری مشاوره، پردیس بینالمللی ارس، دانشگاه تهران، ایران.
2 استادیار بخش تخصصی پژوهش و سنجش؛ دانشکده روان شناسی و علومتربیتی؛ دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
3 استادیار دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تهران . ایران.
4 استادیار دانشکده روانشناسی روان و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: Today, the number of female heads of households is increasing and efforts are being made to support them. Therefore, the purpose of the current research is to analyze their lived experience of social support and to deeply understand the issues of this vulnerable group.
Method: This research was conducted with phenomenological method by interviewing 21 women heads of households in Mashhad who were selected in a criterian and maximum variation sampling. The data was collected by semi-structured interview and then analyzed by Colaizzi’s method.
Findings: Female household heads perceive social support in four themes (lived experience of support, self-esteem, supportive behavior and social ties). For some people, support increases their self-esteem; On the other hand, a group believes that their self-esteem decreases. Also, based on who these supports are provided by and for what purpose, their perception is experienced in different themes. Some believe that these supports strengthen their social bonds and some believe that they have become more isolated. The atmosphere of support for the majority of them is based on mistrust especially towards men; therefore, conformity and avoidance are the main axes of their social bonds; But for the majority of them, this support act as a psychological shock absorber.